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"la Mondialisation et les accords de libre-échange internationaux et régionaux : un passage incontournable"

M. Joseph E. STIGLITZ, professeur d'économie, et prix Nobel d’économie (2001) - Maroc Télécom, le 20 février 2004-2004/02/20

At a conference on the theme, “Quelle planification pour un développement humain durable dans le contexte d'une économie globalisée?,” organized in Rabat by Morocco’s High Commissioner for the Plan, Joseph E. Stiglitz, author of "Globalization and Its Discontents,” warned against “the gigantic market that is globalization, emphasizing in particular, free trade agreements that have become the unavoidable path for any country wishing to work its way towards this globalization, which some fear, with the exception of economic giants, such as the United States.” Mr. Stiglitz maintained that “a free trade agreement does not necessarily guarantee free trade.” Citing the example of agreements signed by the United States with Mexico, Vietnam and Chile, Mr. Stiglitz expressed his desire for “transparency to be implemented in any negotiation to avoid unpleasant surprises.” In fact, according to him, “It was and continues to be very much in the interest of the United States to sign these agreements due to the failure of the Cancun Summit (Mexico).” In addition, “It will only sign this type of agreement if its ‘special interests’ are guaranteed,” maintained Stiglitz. He further speculated that “a good trade compromise can avoid any confusion between the ‘simplistic view,’ which considers liberalisation as merely an opening of markets in both directions, and that which views it simply as a marathon towards formidable competition.” Mr. Joseph E. Stiglitz is a professor of Economics at Columbia University, a winner of a Nobel Prize in Economics (2001), and a former White House Economic Advisor and Chief Economist and Vice-President of the World Bank (1997-2000). (Available in French only)