Cultural diversity

Publications and Studies

Le Sommet extraordinaire des Amériques des 12 et 13 janvier 2004 - Enjeux et perspectives

Dorval BRUNELLE, directeur du Groupe de recherche sur l’intégration continentale (GRIC) et directeur de l'Observatoire des Amériques de l’Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada , 12 janvier 2004 – 2004/01/12

In this text, Mr. Brunelle, author of La dérive globale, analyzes the challenges faced by the American hemisphere with regards to current trade negotiations and the plan for continental integration.  According to him, the Special Summit of the Americas in Monterrey, Mexico, aims to boost cooperation by relying on negotiations underway on twenty-seven areas, including cultural diversity, which have been negotiated in recent years, either on the ministerial or expert level.  The author notes, in particular, that “while until very recently, trade negotiations were at the forefront of the plan for an integration of the Americas, it is very likely that the move towards a dualist strategy will have major consequences on the order and priorities of the twenty-seven areas of negotiation.”  In this regard, he  emphasizes the American administration’s decision to resort to a “strategy of circumvention” when it began, soon after 8th FTAA Ministerial Meeting, held in Miami (USA) on November 20, 2003, trade negotiations with Columbia, Peru, Bolivia, Equator, Panama and the Dominican Republic.  Furthermore, negotiations underway with the Central American countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua have been finalized.  If we add Chili to this list of partnerships, which signed a free-trade agreement with the United States, Canada and Mexico (NAFTA) earlier this year, according to Mr. Brunelle, “over 90% of U.S. exports to the Americas will be subject to a single legal framework, or far from it, which is an important basis in a strategy of contravention of the minimalist view of the FTAA held by Brazil and Argentina, among others.”  On this subject, Le Monde ran the headline "Sommet des Amériques : le néo-libéralisme de Bush en accusation," Libération  the headline "La zone des Amériques dans l’impasse," and Les Affaires  the headline"Le commerce, selon Bush." (Available in French only)