Cultural diversity

Publications and Studies

The Trans-Pacific Partnership: NAFTA 2.0 or Doha Revisited?

The report The Trans-Pacific Partnership: NAFTA 2.0 or Doha Revisited? was recently published by the multidisciplinary consultancy Grey, Clark, Shih (GCS).

As mentioned in the abstract:

"This report reviews the myths, spin and leaks surrounding the negotiations of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).

[...] It looks at the implications (of all of the foregoing) for progress on contentious issues during the negotiations.

[...] This report analyzes the sensitivities of the participants to issues on the table.

[...] [Finally,] it tries to answer a very basic and important question: Will the TPP live up to its promise to be NAFTA 2.0 or are the participants looking at Doha Revisited?"

Some parts of the report are specifically related to culture:

"The TPP is not all about sandals, diapers, detergents and cucumbers. In some ways it is about how […] we preserve our heritage and culture."

"Culture, for example, has been an automatic carve out for Canada […] but Hollywood will take dead aim at it, as they have in the past. "

"There are interests in Mexico, Australia and New Zealand which are keen to preserve their national identities and cultural sovereignty [and] these countries are justifiably envious of Canada’s cultural protections."

"Mexico’s non-conforming measures for audiovisual services are not negotiable. NAFTA, it pointed out, allows Mexico to require that the majority of time for each day’s live broadcast programs feature Mexican nationals. Under NAFTA, Mexico is also able to reserve 30% of screen time for Mexican productions, something that MPAA [Motion Picture Association of America] would like to change in TPP.

The author concludes by specifying that "Canada is in the TPP largely for defensive reasons".  He adds that "what we know so far suggests that Canada has little to gain from the TPP [and,] of course, if Japan were to enter the mix, [his] assessment would change."

To download the report, please consult the Canadian Coalition for Cultural Diversity website.

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