Cultural diversity

Publications and Studies

Concentration des médias : menaces sur la diversité de l'information - Rapport

Bureau international du Travail (BIT), Genève, le 22 octobre 2004 - 2004/10/22

In another recent report drawn up by the International Labour Office (ILO) on the Future of Work and Quality in the Information Society: The Media, Culture, Graphical sector , International Labour Organisation (ILO) considers that amalgamations of Western-owned media could affect the diversity of content. Among the factors that might negatively influence information quality, ILO cites the concentration of media ownership, restrictions on freedom of expression and information, and concerns about democratic values, diversity and representation of women and minority groups in the media.

However, the report points out that " greater freedom of expression, improvements in technical quality and more investment could all foster higher quality media and entertainment." Conversely, greater diversity and press freedom are likely to contribute to higher quality media, culture, graphical products and services. "Paradoxically, it is possible to argue both that cultural diversity has been enhanced and that it has been impaired by state-controlled or multinational media and entertainment enterprises in specific countries, and quality and employment may be increased or reduced by such entities," observe ILO experts. Diversity has not always increased in places where one would generally expect. In this regard, the largest, Western-owned media have seen multiple amalgamations which could reduce the scope of diversity of news and views.

This report was used for discussion at the Tripartite Meeting which held in Geneva in October 2004. The objective was to examine the way in which the world Summit on the information society took account of the questions related on work and quality in the information society within this sector. ( Available also in French and English) [84]