Vol. 1, no 1, Wednesday, January 3, 2001
Compendium of news releases and texts appearing in the Bulletin from January 2001 to June 2001
IN THIS ISSUE :
Ministère de la Culture et des Communications du Québec.
Gouvernement du Québec.
Organisation internationale de la Francophonie.
This report by the Council of Europe's Cultural Committee, an in-depth analysis of the perceived disparities between cultural policy measures and the rules on multilateral trade policy, aims to develop a strategy to help reconcile the issues of cultural diversity and international trade agreements, and specifically to raise awareness and shed light on cultural diversity and multilateral trade policy. Its main conclusions find that “the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) raises a whole series of questions and uncertainties related to the implementation of cultural policies and the elaboration of new cultural policy measures to deal with the development of the knowledge society and globalization. The fact that the current flexibility of GATS and the measures gradually introduced by the WTO in the sensitive areas of subsidies and domestic regulation has so far prevented any major complications in the field of cultural and audiovisual services is in no way—politically, or legally—a guarantee that the divergences between cultural policy and trade policy will not break down into a conflict.” The report also stresses the “importance of analyzing the different angles from which the issue of cultural diversity should be addressed to reveal its full implications at a time of accelerating globalization, and, if possible, of developing suggestions that may lead to concrete proposals,” notably in cooperation with the other appropriate organizations: UNESCO, the European Commission, WTO. (Available in French only)
This document describes the activities undertaken by UNESCO in areas under its jurisdiction—including culture—to foster peace, human development, and the construction of knowledge societies. It lays out strategic objectives to meet, strategies to implement, and the hoped-for results. Through its strategic objectives 7 and 8, UNESCO intends between now and 2007 to a) promote the development and use of standards-based instruments in the cultural sector and b) protect cultural diversity and encourage pluralism and dialog between cultures and civilizations.
(Available in French and English only)
In this age of the information economy and the internationalization of cyberspace, the concepts of culture and creativity must be reassessed and repositioned at the center of public policy. The cultural and creative challenges unique to the information economy must be approached in terms of policies governing the production, distribution, and exploitation of expression. The author uses these two arguments to form a set of recommendations, guidelines, and principles for national and international policy.
(In English only)
This study takes a look at the legal implications of the WTO's General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) for policies and programs and the funding of public libraries. The author attempts to describe a situation that had not been thoroughly examined previously and offers a number of useful reference points. (In English only)
Québec, Ministère de la Culture et des Communications du Québec, May 2001, 30 p.