Cultural diversity

Newsletter
The Diversity of Cultural Expressions

Vol. 13, no 4, Monday, April 8, 2013

Efforts to implement the Convention on the Diversity of Cultural Expressions are underway!

IN THIS ISSUE :

Convention Update

Recent Publications

Cultural Policies and Measures – Best Practices

Other News of Interest



Convention Update

Efforts to implement the Convention on the Diversity of Cultural Expressions are underway!

The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions came into force on March 18, 2007. At the first session of the Conference of Parties to the Convention in June 2007, the Intergovernmental Committee was given a mandate to develop the necessary operational guidelines for implementing the Convention. Since then, six ordinary and two extraordinary sessions have been held, for a total of eight.

The third session of the Conference of Parties, which took place in Paris on June 14 and 15, 2011, saw the approbation of operational guidelines concerning three articles of the Convention and measures to ensure the visibility and promotion of the Convention. In total, twelve articles of the Convention now incorporate operational guidelines.

At press time, 127 Parties (126 states and the European Union as a regional economic integration organization) had ratified the treaty. On March 19, 2013, Colombia deposited its ratification instrument before UNESCO and is now one of the Parties to the Convention.

Efforts to implement the treaty are well underway, but the mobilization campaign to encourage Member States who haven't already done so to ratify the treaty must continue with commitment and conviction. The Convention's legitimacy will be directly proportional to the number of countries from all parts of the world that ratify, accept, approve, or join the treaty.

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Recent Publications

Detailed Draft Summary Record of the 6th Ordinary Session of the Intergovernmental Committee

In our January 7, 2013 news bulletin, we reported on the main subjects discussed during the 6th ordinary session of the Intergovernemental Committee, one of the governing bodies of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

The detailed draft summary record of this meeting, which was held December 10 to 14, 2012, at UNESCO headquarters in Paris, is now available on the UNESCO website.

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"The UNESCO Convention on Cultural Diversity: An Appraisal Five Years after Its Entry into Force"

The article "The UNESCO Convention on Cultural Diversity: An Appraisal Five Years after Its Entry into Force" was recently published on the Social Science Research Network (SSRN).

The author, Mira Burri, summarizes the article as follows:

"The United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) adopted in 2005 the first legally binding international instrument on culture. The Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions was agreed upon by an overwhelming majority and, after the swiftest ratification process in the history of UNESCO, entered into force on 18 March 2007. Now, five years later, and with some 125 Members committed to implementing the Convention, not only observers with a particular interest in the topic but also the broader public may be eager to know what has happened and how far implementation has progressed. This is the question that spurred this paper and that it seeks to answer by giving a brief background of the UNESCO Convention, clarifying its legal and political status and impact, and looking at the current implementation activities in domestic and international contexts. "

To download this article, available in English, please consult the SSRN website.

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Culture, commerce et numérique, Vol. 8, No. 2

The March 4, 2013 edition of the newsletter Culture, commerce et numérique features the following topics of special interest:

  • Trade negotiations on services: inequalities and imbalances in cultural exchanges
  • Film industry statistics: Europe, the United States, and France
  • Policy agreement between Google and press publishers
  • Digital societies—tax exempt?
  • Digital books: France and Luxembourg before the Court of Justice

The newsletter’s executive summary reads as follows:

"Further to the decision by the United States and the European Union to launch both bilateral and plurilateral trade negotiations, the March issue is largely dedicated to the inequalities and imbalances in cultural exchanges among the countries taking part in the negotiations. We present eye-opening statistics on audiovisual service exports and imports worldwide, as well as on the degree the Hollywood majors have penetrated national markets. Certain conclusions come to light regarding current challenges in the global audiovisual landscape, negotiators’ priorities, and the possible consequences of the upcoming negotiations.

On another note, we present the latest statistics on the European and Hollywood film industries as well as recent developments on the digital front and in the cultural industries, specifically the agreement between Google and press publishers and the debate on digital books."

The newsletter Culture, commerce et numérique (formerly Accords bilatéraux et diversité culturelle) is put together monthly by CEIM (Centre d’études sur l’intégration et la mondialisation) for the International Organization of La Francophonie (OIF). Its main aim is to monitor the latest media content on U.S. initiatives regarding bilateral trade agreement negotiations, particularly the negotiation of clauses that could impact the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

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"The Film Industry in the Russian Federation"

The third edition of the report "The Film Industry in the Russian Federation" has recently been released by the European Audiovisual Observatory.

Prepared by Nevafilm Research, this new publication includes a description of the institutional framework within which the Russian film industry operates, as well as an overview of the major sectors of the industry (film production, film production services, exhibition, distribution, DVD distribution, and video-on-demand). This edition of the report also includes a new chapter on international cooperation involving Russian filmmakers.

To download this report, available in Russian and in English, please consult the European Audiovisual Observatory website.

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Cultural Policies and Measures – Best Practices

International Fund for Cultural Diversity: Fourth Call for Funding Request

On March 21, UNESCO launched the fourth call for funding requests to the International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD) for projects and preparatory assistance requests that aim to foster the emergence of a dynamic cultural sector at the national and/or local level, primarily through activities to help introduce new cultural policies and cultural industries or to strengthen existing ones.

Government authorities and NGOs from developing countries that are Parties to the 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, as well as international non-governmental organizations (INGOs), are eligible to apply.

Funding requests must be received by June 30, 2013, at midnight, Paris time.

Please note that in this fourth call, special attention is given to projects fostering capacity building for cultural policies, which is understood as those policies designed to have a direct effect on the creation, production, dissemination, distribution and access to cultural activities, goods, and services.

For more information on this call for funding requests to IFCD and on the Fund itself, please visit the UNESCO website.

The IFCD is a multi-donor fund established under Article 18 of the 2005 Convention. Its purpose is to promote sustainable development and poverty reduction in developing and least-developed countries that are Parties to the Convention.

Since 2010, the IFCD has provided more than USD 3.5 million in funding for 61 projects in 40 developing countries. The projects cover a wide range of areas, from the development and implementation of cultural policies, to capacity-building of cultural entrepreneurs, mapping of cultural industries and the creation of new cultural industry business models.

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U40 Arabesque Network Meeting

The U40 Arabesque Network inception meeting was held March 13 to 15, 2013, in the city of Alexandria. U40 Arabesque is an extension of the U40 global network in Arab countries. The regional network is tasked with promoting and translating into action the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, particularly by implementing cultural policies in the region.

At this first meeting, the twelve participants (seven from Egypt and five from other Arab countries) set out the strategy and working plan for the U40 Arabesque Network, as well as the methodologies for promoting the Convention in their respective countries. They also determined ways of communicating among themselves and with the other U40 global network regional sections.

For more information, please visit the French Coalition for Cultural Diversity website.

The U40 global network arose from the U40 "Cultural Diversity 2030" program (2008–2010) initiated by the German Commission for UNESCO in order to give culture experts under age 40 (U40) the opportunity to take part in international debate on cultural diversity and implementation of the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions. The U40 Network brings together some sixty young cultural specialists from around the world, including cultural policy experts, lawyers, graduate and postgraduate students, doctoral candidates, and other skilled professionals.

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WorldCP profile of Mongolia in development

The International Federation of Arts Councils and Culture Agencies (IFACCA) announced that researchers Dolgorsuren Jamyan and Jargalsaikham Tsamba are preparing a cultural policy profile of Mongolia as part of WorldCP, an international database of cultural policies. The profile has the support of the Arts Council of Mongolia, and is financially assisted by the Asia-Europe Foundation.

WorldCP will be a central, Web-based, and continuously updated database of country-specific profiles of policies that relate to culture. Modeled on the Council of Europe/ERICarts Compendium of Cultural Policies and Trends in Europe, it will also provide the capacity to monitor and analyze global trends in key aspects of cultural policies.

IFACCA is currently in discussions with organizations in all regions (Africa, Asia, the Pacific, the Americas, and the Mediterranean) to develop a range of national cultural policy profiles. IFACCA is working to develop a Spanish version of its website in 2013.

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XII International Conference on Arts and Cultural Management

The XII International Conference on Arts and Cultural Management will be held at the Universidad de los Andes at Bogotá, Colombia, on June 26–29, 2013. This is the first time that the conference will be hosted in a Latin American country.

Organized by the International Association of Arts and Cultural Management (Association internationale de management des arts et de la culture- AIMAC), this academic conference will be of interest to researchers in the field of arts management, social scientists working on issues related to arts management, and anyone else concerned with addressing arts management problems from a scientific point of view.

The conference will address various sectors of the arts and cultural industries: performing arts and festivals, heritage, museums and visual arts, film production and distribution, book publishing, recording, broadcasting, audiovisual media and multimedia, and design.

The registration deadline is June 24, 2013.

For more details on the event, please visit the AIMAC 2013 website.

The International Association of Arts and Cultural Management (AIMAC) is an international network of researchers in arts and cultural management. The Association’s main activity is a biennial research conference held in various cities around the world.Through its conferences, AIMAC provides a forum for the exchange of insights and perspectives in this field of study. It offers researchers the opportunity to present the results of their most recent research, to discuss ideas face-to-face, and to learn about the latest developments in cultural management.

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Other News of Interest

World Culture in Development Forum

The World Culture in Development Forum (WCF) will be held November 24 to 29, 2013, in Bali, Indonesia.

This is the first in a series of annual international meetings planned to bring together key stakeholders to discuss vital issues in culture and development.

The aim of the World Culture in Development Forum is to create a space to discuss, debate, and contest established ideas and approaches in order to recommend:

  • New pathways for locating culture as an integral part of sustainable development
  • Ethical frameworks for ensuring community engagement and stakeholder benefits
  • Qualitative and quantitative cultural indicators for measuring sustainable development
  • Inputs into the framing of SDGs in the Post-2015 Development Agenda

For more information, please consult the World Culture in Development Forum website.

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