While developing countries are facing crucial decisions affecting the broadcast and audiovisual industry—today’s pillar of information and culture exchange—policy and decision makers in these countries may sometimes lack the necessary tools to adequately inform their choices and strategies. This is the reason UNESCO has published this important study, which discusses the broadcast and audiovisual industry in developing countries and explores current trends and future challenges.
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the main trends in information and communication technologies (ICT) as used in the broadcast and audiovisual industry in developing countries, with a focus on patterns of production, consumption, and trade. It also offers a reflection on the mid- and long-term effects that current policies may have on local cultural expression and communication.
The authors hope that this work will assist UNESCO Member States in analyzing and understanding the impact of multilateral, regional, and bilateral trade policies on the future audiovisual landscapes of their countries, while stimulating a reflection on the positive or negative potential implications for the expression of local cultures. Ultimately, they expect that this work will encourage appropriate action in terms of international and domestic audiovisual and broadcast policies.
Simultaneously with the publication of this research, UNESCO organized a series of regional workshops to share and discuss the findings of the studies with key groups in three regions (Africa, Asia, and Latin America), and encourage a dialog among stakeholders. The project’s findings, though still preliminary, draw close attention to some of the policy and rule-making considerations (and sensitivities) that underlie ongoing efforts at negotiating a UNESCO Convention on the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, a central aim of which is to strike an acceptable balance at the trade-culture policy interface. This summary does not claim to synthesize the wealth of information contained in the five background papers contained in the study. Rather, it aims to delineate some of the key policy challenges that the audiovisual industry poses for developing countries and to highlight a number of key trends in industry development. It does so with a view to sketching out a range of issues that may warrant further analytical attention and call for specific capacity building activities in developing countries.